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Beijing is the is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world, with a population of more than 19 millions, as of 2010. It is the country's political, cultural, and educational center, as well as home to the headquarters for most of China's largest state-owned companies. The earliest traces of human habitation in the Beijing area come from around 1000 BC. Little villages settled around during Tang Dynasty (618-907) and Song Dynasty (960-1279) until the Song Dynasty lost a part of Beijing to Liao Dynasty, in X Century. The Liao Dynasty founded a second capital, Nanjing, until the Jin Dynasty, who renamed the city as Zhongdu ("Central Capital"). Mongol forces buened Zhongdu in 1215, in the Battle of Beijing, and established the Yuan Dynasty. Next, Kublai Khan decided to rebuild it slightly north to the center of the Jin capital, and in 1272, he made this city his capital, renamed Dadu (Chinese name for "Great Capital"). In 1368, the mongols were defeated by the Ming Dynasty; the Dynasty's third Emperor, Yongle, took up residence in Beijing. He was responsible of the construction of the fabulous Forbidden City and the beautiful Temple of Heaven, in the Southern area of the city. In XX Century, in 1937, Beijing was occupied by Japan, until Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, after the II World War. There was also the Chinese Civil War, that began in 1927, between the Chinese National Party, led by Chiang Kai Shek, and the Communist Party of China. The war officially ended in 1950, but a year before, in 1949, the People's Republic of China, led by Mao Zedong, was established. Today, Beijing is one of the most important historical and cultural places in the world, a city that become modern without loosing its roots and traditions. PoloLine Travel offers a unique look at this millenary city, which is as fascinating and mysterious.